The National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is seeking healthy volunteers to participate in a research study: Brain Imaging of Childhood Onset Psychiatric Disorders, Endocrine Disorders and Healthy Volunteers.
Children With Autism Acquired More Health Services Following Implementation of Parity Law
The following article might have implications for schizophrenia spectrum disorders if they, like ASD, are reclassified as neurological disorders, says Linda Stalters of Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America (SARDAA).
FROM NIMH: SLEEP MAY TRIM NEURAL CONNECTIONS TO RESTORE LEARNING ABILITY; MOUSE STUDIES SUPPORT HOMEOSTASIS THEORY
Why do we sleep? Companion studies in mice by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) grantees add to evidence that sleep may be the price we pay for the ability to learn. The results suggest that sleep streamlines neural connections, or synapses, making them more efficient. It likely restores homeostatic balance to energy resources spent by learning during wakefulness, say the researchers. This is accomplished by the downsizing and weakening of unneeded connections –a selective forgetting, so to speak. A team at the University of Wisconsin found that 80 percent of cortex synapses sampled shrunk by nearly 20 percent during sleep. Another team at the Johns Hopkins University found that key cell surface receptor proteins in those synapses similarly plummet during sleep – and identified the underlying molecular mechanisms. All this makes room for new learning, according to the synaptic homeostasis hypothesis proposed by the researchers.
REVEALED: LSD DOCKED IN ITS HUMAN BRAIN TARGET; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE MAY HOLD CLUES TO DESIGN OF NEW THERAPEUTICS
LSD’s chemical diagram has long been a counterculture icon, but exactly how that structure works in the brain to achieve the drug’s potent mind-altering effects has remained a mystery. Now, an NIMH grantee has discovered the key pieces of the puzzle – unveiling the molecular structure of LSD interacting with its target protein in the human brain, a receptor for the chemical messenger serotonin. The findings are providing the first structure-informed insights into the molecular mechanisms of a hallucinogen.
COOL VIDEOS: STARRING THE WIRING DIAGRAM OF THE HUMAN BRAIN
NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins describes how tractography is helping scientists get a better picture of the human brain.
VIDEO LECTURE: TOWARDS PSYCHOBIOTICS: THE MICROBIOME AS A KEY REGULATOR OF BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR
The learning objectives of this lecture in the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health’s online continuing education series include learning about the concept of a gut-brain axis and how it could be involved in modulating behavior and the brain; listing some factors that can modify the microbiome in early life; defining probiotics and addressing whether they have been proven to have benefits in people; and describing the concept of “psychobiotics” and some early evidence on use of this approach in the context of psychological symptoms and disorders. Participants can earn continuing medical education credits.
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT VISITS RELATED TO SUICIDAL IDEATION, 2006-2013
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project has released a statistical brief on emergency department (ED) visits related to suicidal ideation based on national data from 2006 to 2013. It found that the rate of ED visits related to suicidal ideation among adults aged 18 and older increased by 12 percent on average annually between 2006 and 2013.
IN BRIEF: CHRONIC SUBSTANCE USE AND COGNITIVE EFFECTS ON THE BRAIN: AN INTRODUCTION
This resource provides information for clinicians who may encounter clients with cognitive deficits related to chronic substance use disorder. It highlights ways in which chronic substance use may affect the brain.
MENTAL HEALTH COURT CURRICULUM
With Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) support, the Council of State Governments Justice Center has launched Developing a Mental Health Court: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum, a free, online multimedia resource with the information needed to plan, implement, sustain, or simply learn about mental health courts based on research and best practices from the field.
JUSTICE AND MENTAL HEALTH COLLABORATION PROGRAM FACT SHEET
The goal of the Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (JMHCP) is to improve responses to and outcomes for individuals with mental illnesses or co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders who come into contact with the justice system. The program supports early intervention and diversion for multi-system-involved individuals; cross-training for justice and treatment professionals; and improved communication, collaboration, and coordination of support services between justice professionals and treatment and related service providers as well as government partners. For fiscal year (FY) 2017, BJA revised the goals of JMHCP to move away from facilitating small-scale programming (e.g., pilots) to providing support for system-wide improvements in policies and practices at the local and state levels.
WEBINAR: KEEPING A MILLION HEARTS BEATING: HOW INTEGRATED CARE CAN REDUCE HEART DISEASE
February 28, 2017, 1:00 pm ET
Heart disease continues to be the top cause of death among Americans, with one of every four Americans dying from heart-related problems, including heart attack and stroke. And, people with mental illness are nearly twice as likely to die from chronic health conditions, including heart disease, than the general population. The HHS Million Hearts initiative was created to prevent one million heart attacks and strokes by 2017. Join this SAMHSA-Health Resources and Services Administration Center for Integrated Health Services webinar to learn what’s next for Million Hearts and how health care providers, including integrated primary and behavioral health care providers, have used Million Hearts’ blood pressure protocols to improve the health of the people they serve.
COMMENTS SOUGHT FOR AHRQ EFFECTIVE HEALTH CARE PROGRAM REPORT
The AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program encourages the public to participate in the development of its research projects. The Program uses these comments to help focus its research and ensure that the final comparative effectiveness reviews answer the most important questions that clinicians, patients, consumers, and policymakers have about a given treatment, test, or procedure. The Program is currently seeking comments for:
Treatments for Adults with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review (Comments Accepted through March 8, 2017)
THE ALL OF US RESEARCH PROGRAM SEEKS FEEDBACK FROM THE COMMUNITY
The All of Us Research Program (formerly known as the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program) will create a community of one million or more people from across the U.S. to improve the future of health. Those who join the program will contribute their health, environment, and lifestyle information over an extended period of time. By gathering information from such a large group of people, researchers will be able to learn how specific factors impact an individual’s health, and disease prevention and treatment. This approach to tailoring health care for each unique individual is called "precision medicine." The research program developers want to hear from everyone about their thoughts and ideas for how to make All of Us a success. Ideas on topics such as participant engagement and communications, health information data security, and the type of data to be collected are welcome from researchers, health care providers, patients, or anyone who wants to contribute to greater knowledge.
FEDERAL JUDGE SCOLDS STATE FOR TREATMENT OF MENTALLY ILL
A federal judge has blasted the Washington state agency responsible for providing competency services to mentally ill people in jail, saying the agency doesn’t appear to understand that these individuals “have constitutional rights that are being violated.”
APPEALS COURT OVERTURNS FLORIDA'S PHYSICIAN 'GUN-BAG' LAW
In a decision that may be contested in the Supreme Court, a federal appeals court in Atlanta, Georgia, today overturned a Florida law that prohibits physicians from asking patients if they own a gun unless the question is medically relevant.
TWITTERING ON ABOUT MENTAL HEALTH: IS IT WORTH THE EFFORT?
The medical community disseminates information increasingly using social media. Randomised controlled trials are being conducted in this area to evaluate effectiveness of social media with mixed results so far, but more trials are likely to be published in the coming years.
SCHIZOPHRENIA LINKED TO INCREASED BREAST CANCER RISK
Women with schizophrenia have nearly a twofold increased risk for breast cancer compared to their counterparts without schizophrenia, new research suggests. "Given that breast cancer is more prevalent in women with schizophrenia than in the general population, our study highlights the importance of adequate cancer screening in this population," senior author Chia Hung Kao, MD, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, told Medscape Medical News.
SCOURING THE BRAIN FOR CLUES TO NEW TREATMENTS FOR MENTAL ILLNESS
Katie first spoke with a demon when she was 14. He perched on the edge of her bed, and would persistently urge her to do bad things - like blow up her Arkansas high school.