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Bartlett's Garden Guru Says...
In honor of Bartlett's Farm hosting the Nantucket Garden Clubs 37th Annual Daffodil Show we thought it was only fitting that this weeks garden guru be... all about Daffodils.

To some people Daffodils are just that cute little flower that signals the start of spring and the end of winter, but to others the Daffodil is a highly prized bulb that comes in may different colors, sizes, bloom times, divisions and classifications.

How many types of Daffodils are there?
Well, that depends on who you ask.
Most botanist believe there are between 40 to 200 species or varieties and over 25,000 different cultivars (names hybrids)!

What class of Daffodils should I plant in my garden?
Daffodils are classified as to when they bloom, either early, mid-season or late-season. Because a Daffodil bloom usually lasts two to three weeks in the garden, gardeners can extend the blooming season by selecting different varieties from each grouping to maximize bloom time.

What does the term Division mean when referring to a Daffodil?
The American Daffodil Society has divided Daffodils into thirteen divisions based on the Daffodils form, size, trumpet and color. For a complete list of daffodil divisions please visit the American Daffodil Society.
Is there a difference between a Daffodil and a Narcissus?
No, the two words are synonymous. Every plant has a Latin name and a common name. Narcissus is the Latin name and Daffodil in the common name.

What do all those letter and number refer to when classifying a Daffodil?

We have already learned that Daffodils are classified into 13 different divisions.

Daffodils are are given a color code to describe both the perianth (petal) color and the corona (cup) color.

W-White or Whitish

G-Green

Y-Yellow

P-Pink

O-Orange

R-Red

When looking at a 'daffodil code', the first number is the division. The letter or set of (up to three) letters that follows the number, represents the perianth (petal) color. The petal color is described by beginning at the outside edge of the petal, then the middle, and lastly the inside part next to the cup. The second letter or group of letters represents the color of the corona (trumpet or cup) starting from the inner-zone or "eye", then the mid-zone and lastly the outer edge or rim.

    The following diagram is of "Patois", a Division 9 W-GYR daffodil:

Daffodil Divisions

Where does the name Narcissus derive from?
There are several different versions of where the name Narcissus derives from and they vary in origin with the majority of them rooted in Greek mythology. The most popular story is a young man named Narcissus died of starvation and thirst from sitting by the edge of a pool gazing at his reflection until he died. A Narcissus plant first sprang from where he died.

Are Daffodils native to the US?
No, Daffodils are native mainly to the Mediterranean region, in particular to the Iberian Peninsula, as well as Northern Africa and the Middle East.
Many homesteaders in the westward migration of the early United States felt that daffodils were an essential plant to have on the homestead. Many abandoned home sites can be recognized today by the clumps of daffodils growing in the fields.

Want to learn more about Daffodils?
Stop by the Nantucket Daffodil Show at the Farm this weekend!
Hours
Saturday 04/30/2010 2-5 PM with a shuttle running from the Greenhound
Sunday 05/01/2011 10am-4:30pm

What's new?

Dave's crew has been seeding and tending our farm grow organic herbs and veggies for your garden. Prep your soil, because new herbs and vegetables are arriving in the garden center every day!

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Fun Daffodil Facts!

The sap of daffodils can be damaging to other flowers. If you've picked them to display in a vase with other flowers, then it's best to leave them in water on their own for at least 12 hours, before mixing them together.

Daffodil bulbs contain a substance called galanthine, which has medicinal properties. In fact, it's sometimes used in treatments for Alzheimer's.

Prince Charles, from the Royal Family is given one daffodil in the form of rent for the land on the Isles of Scilly-if only we could all pay our rent that way!

Question & Answer......................

Q. Why don't my Daffodils bloom anymore?

A. There are a few reasons why your bulbs have not bloomed. They could be into much shade, try feeding your bulbs with a 5-10-10 fertilizer in the fall and again when the leaves emerge in the spring. Perhaps the bulbs are being overcrowded by other plants. Did you cut the foliage down to early? A Daffodils foliage should not be cut back until around the end of June or the foliage has turned from green to yellow.

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33 Bartlett Farm Road
Nantucket, Massachusetts 02554
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