Monday Memo
July 24, 2017
USDA Detects a Case of Atypical BSE in Alabama
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced an atypical case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), a neurologic disease of cattle, in an eleven-year old cow in Alabama.  This animal never entered slaughter channels and at no time presented a risk to the food supply, or to human health in the United States.
USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s (APHIS) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) have determined that this cow was positive for atypical (L-type) BSE.  The animal was showing clinical signs and was found through routine surveillance at an Alabama livestock market.  APHIS and Alabama veterinary officials are gathering more information on the case. 
BSE is not contagious and exists in two types - classical and atypical.  Classical BSE is the form that occurred primarily in the United Kingdom, beginning in the late 1980’s, and it has been linked to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) in people. The primary source of infection for classical BSE is feed contaminated with the infectious prion agent, such as meat-and-bone meal containing protein derived from rendered infected cattle.  Regulations from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have prohibited the inclusion of mammalian protein in feed for cattle and other ruminants since 1997 and have also prohibited high risk tissue materials in all animal feed since 2009. 
Atypical BSE is different, and it generally occurs in older cattle, usually 8 years of age or greater. It seems to arise rarely and spontaneously in all cattle populations.
This is the nation’s 5th detection of BSE.  Of the four previous U.S. cases, the first was a case of classical BSE that was imported from Canada; the rest have been atypical (H- or L-type) BSE.
The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) has recognized the United States as negligible risk for BSE.  As noted in the OIE guidelines for determining this status, atypical BSE cases do not impact official BSE risk status recognition as this form of the disease is believed to occur spontaneously in all cattle populations at a very low rate. Therefore, this finding of an atypical case will not change the negligible risk status of the United States, and should not lead to any trade issues. 
The United States has a longstanding system of interlocking safeguards against BSE that protects public and animal health in the United States, the most important of which is the removal of specified risk materials - or the parts of an animal that would contain BSE should an animal have the disease - from all animals presented for slaughter. The second safeguard is a strong feed ban that protects cattle from the disease. Another important component of our system - which led to this detection - is our ongoing BSE surveillance program that allows USDA to detect the disease if it exists at very low levels in the U.S. cattle population.
National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) Cattle Health and Well-being Committee Chairman Jimmy Holliman also commended the work of health officials and USDA to insure the food supply stays safe.
“USDA’s ongoing BSE surveillance program has tested more than one million cattle since the program began. The incidence of BSE in the United States is extremely low, and will remain so,” says NCBA Cattle Health and Well-being Committee Chairman Jimmy Holliman.
Make Your Plans To Attend!
The ninth annual Deep South Stocker Conference will be held August 3-4, 2017 in Starkville, MS. This year’s program will offer a combination of seminars, demonstrations, as well as tours. The cost of this year’s conference is $100. This includes all of the seminars, demos, notebook, tour, lunch on Friday, and dinner. For more information on the program, registration, and location, please navigate the website or call your local Extension office.

Topics include:
 Justifications of Stockmanship and Stewardship
• Consumer Perceptions of Common Production Practices and Animal Welfare
• Impact of Stress and Handling on Cattle Performance
• Economics of Best Management Practices
Practical Stewardship
• Best Management Practices for Castration, Dehorning, and Euthanasia
• Forage and Nutrition Planning
Practical Stockmanship
• Reading Cattle Behavior and Teaching Cattle to Respond
• Low-stress Cattle Handling – on horseback
• Low-stress Cattle Handling – on foot
Best Management Practices
• Environmental Stewardship Hot Topics
• Combating Cowboy Tendencies
Cattle Inventory
The July 1 Cattle Inventory report showed a 103 million head total for all cattle and calves in the U.S. Compared to other July inventory reports, this one ranks as the largest since 2008 in terms of total herd size.
 One key takeaway from this report is the size of the current and expected 2017 calf crop. This report estimates the 2017 calf crop will be 36.3 million head, a 3% increase over 2016. This would be the largest calf crop since 2007 and 73 percent of these 2017 calves have already been born. This implies 1.2 million head more calves to be born in 2017 than in 2016. For comparison, there were about 1 million more calves born in 2016 than in 2015.
 This July report is more difficult to measure than usual because we don’t have a July 2016 report for comparison. This clouds measures of herd expansion. Comparisons of the herd size between the July and January reports should be done with extreme caution as the methods used are different and the reports are at different times in a seasonal industry. The July report will always show a larger number of total cattle because significantly more calves are born in the Spring than in the Fall.
 In summary, this report tells a lot of what we thought we already knew. We are going to have more calves flowing through the system than we have had in a decade. However, demand has outpaced supplies in the first part of 2017 to provide support for stronger prices than expected. That storyline will remain a key driver of prices in the second half of 2017.
MS Beef Expo
Make plans now to attend the 2017 Mississippi Beef Expo to be held December 1-3 at the Mississippi State Fairgrounds in Jackson, Mississippi. 
Schedule of events:
6:30 pm | Show Heifer Sale 
9:00 am | Commercial Pen of 3
10:00 am | Red Angus
11:00 am | Hereford
12:30 pm | Angus
2:00 pm | Brahman/Brangus
3:00 pm | Charolais
4:00 pm | Simmental
6:00 pm | Jr. Showmanship
8:00 am | Jr. Show Buckle Show
There will also be a trade show in conjunction with the Expo.
Now Accepting Consignments and entries. For more informations go to
Pasture Party 
On Thursday, July 20 in Canton the Pasture Party and Cattle Seminar will be held at the Canton Multipurpose Complex. Ray Archuleta, Soil Health Consulting, LLC will speak about Soil Health. Registration begins at 5:30 with the program starting at 6:30 p.m. Admission is free but please contact the Madison County Extension Office at 601-859-3842 to help with refreshment planning.
Wilkinson County Hosts Blood Drive
Wilson County Cattlemen's is hosting a blood drive for their community on July 28th from 12 p.m. to 6 p.m. at the Wilkinson Extension Office. For more information contact the extension office at 601-888-3211.
Cattle Market Notes ​​​​​​​
Dr. Josh Maples

Cash Cattle:
Cash traded fed cattle prices were mostly steady last week. Live cattle were down 15 cents to an average of $119.33 while dressed steers were down 34 cents to an average of $189.74.
Feeder cash prices were higher last week in Mississippi. Mississippi feeder steers weighing 450-500 pounds were up $1 to an average of $153.50 while 750-800 pound steers were up $1.50 to $130.50. Average feeder prices last week in Oklahoma City were at $171.87 for 500-550 pound steers and up $3.02 to $153.24 for 750-800 pound steers.

Futures prices were lower at the end of the week. August live cattle were down $1.63 to $116.43 while October live cattle were down $1.43 to $117.40. August feeder cattle were down $1.85 to $152.95 while September feeder futures were down $1.50 on the week to $153.15. Corn futures prices were lower with September and July down a nickel to $3.72 and $3.85, respectively.

Boxed beef values fell further last week. Choice boxes averaged $207.88, down $5.05 from a week ago. Select boxes averaged $195.39, down $3.53 from last week. The choice-select spread shrunk to $12.49, down $1.52 from last week.
Note: all cattle and beef prices are quoted in dollars per hundredweight and corn prices are quoted in dollars per bushel unless stated otherwise.

For more on cattle markets visit Dr. Maples blog post online.

3-4 - Stockman & Stewardship, Starkville

Total Recipe Time: 45 to 50 minutes
Makes 6 to 8 servings
Complete Liquidation of McHann Railroad Services, Inc.
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July 26th, 2017
10 AM
1192 Askew Ferry Rd Edwards MS 39066
Featuring: Construction Railroad Equipment & Trucks
Live & Online Bidding
For more click here.
Renew Online!
You can pay your MCA dues online. MCA is looking out for cattle producers in Mississippi. MCA monitors the legislative and regulatory activity in Jackson and Washington, D.C. We're working every day to influence producer legislation in a manner that benefits cattle producers. Click here to learn more.
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